Your best bet might be to go here
Use the Media Creation Tool to download the ISO to a folder on the problem computer.
Once the download has completed, browse to the location where you saved it, double click it to mount it as a virtual drive and then
Run setup.exe from that construct to perform the in-place upgrade on your machine.
You should also disconnected any unneeded peripheral, leaving only a USB connected keyboard, USB connected mouse and a single monitor.
No wireless / Bluetooth adapters.
You should also probably empty the current contents of C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution folder and delete leftover remnants of previous failed attempts such as any
windows.old folders as well as and hidden folder that will likely look something like this
in the root of C:
NORMAL DISCLAIMER: Backup all critical data AND create a disk image of your current install so you have a strong fallback option.